Archive for the ‘Japanese Education’ Category

Japan, UBEC sign $8m agreement on Oyo education

水曜日, 4月 15th, 2015

The Japanese Government and Universal Basic Education Commission on Tuesday signed an agreement for the construction of 30 primary school blocks in Oyo State valued at $8.5m

The project, which is being undertaken by the Japan International Cooperation System, falls under a special scheme called Japan’s Grant Aid for Community Empowerment 2014.

The Project Manager of JICS, Mr. Kazunori Ogaguchi, during the opening of bid for the project at the UBEC Headquarters in Abuja, said over 325 classrooms were expected to be delivered when the project would be completed.

According to him, similar project, which had earlier been constructed in Kano State that produced 490 classrooms, is part of Japan’s assistance to the Federal Government to boost access to basic education.

The bids ceremony witnessed two major companies – Best and Crompton Engineering Africa Ltd and Ciroco Nig.Ltd – presenting their tenders document for evaluation by a special committee.

Ogaguchi stated that the project also involved provision of safety and maintenance components after completion of the project

He said, “Our budget for the construction of these classrooms is $8.5m and its for a period of 12 months. We have undertaken a similar project in Kano State and Oyo State is the next phase, where we are going to do such project.

“The whole essence is to create accessibility to basic education through these projects and after construction, we will provide safety components such as providing safety training and maintenance for these buildings.”

The Project Coordinator, International Development Partner for UBEC, Mr. Iro Umar, said the commission is empowered by law to seek assistance for educational development.

According to him, the high number of out-of-school children in the country, particularly in the northern part of Nigeria, informed the assistance from JICS.

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Japan rebuffs outcry over new history textbooks

水曜日, 4月 8th, 2015

TOKYO – Japan on Tuesday rebuffed neighbouring countries’ protests about newly approved textbooks after complaints about references to disputed territory and their bitter shared history.

The education ministry announced on Monday that all 18 new social studies textbooks for use in junior high schools assert Japanese ownership of two separate island groups at the centre of disputes with China and South Korea.

New school books also fail to use the word “massacre” when referring to Japan’s mass slaughter of Chinese civilians in Nanjing in 1937, preferring the term “incident.”

The textbook dispute surfaces regularly in the three-way row over events in the first half of the 20th century, when Japan invaded and occupied large tracts of Asia.

But it has come at a particularly sensitive time as the region prepares to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, and with a rising tide of nationalism in China, Japan and South Korea.

Immediately after Monday’s announcement, the South Korean foreign ministry summoned Japanese Ambassador Koro Bessho to protest over the textbooks.

“The Japanese government carried out another provocation by approving school textbooks that strengthen unfair claims over our territory,” the ministry said in a statement.

Tokyo and Seoul are at odds over the sovereignty of a pair of sparsely inhabited rocks in waters between them, administered by Seoul as Dokdo but claimed as Takeshima in Japan.

“This clearly shows that the Japanese government seeks to inculcate the distorted views on history and territory into the minds of the young generation and tries to repeat the wrongs it committed in the past,” it said.

In Tokyo Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga rejected those claims.

“Our country’s textbook screening is carried out impartially and neutrally, based on professional and academic deliberations,” Suga told a news conference.

“Since our country’s stance on Takeshima and history recognition have been consistent, we responded to (South Korea) by saying we cannot accept their protest.”

A Japanese education ministry official confirmed that one of the new history textbooks did not refer to the mass killing in Nanjing, while “many others have described it as an incident, not a massacre.”

China says 300,000 civilians and soldiers died in a spree of killing, rape and destruction in the six weeks after the Japanese military entered the then-capital on Dec. 13, 1937.

While some foreign academics put the number of deaths lower, no mainstream respected historians dispute there was a massacre.

In Beijing, foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said China was “gravely concerned about what is happening in Japan.”

“The Nanjing massacre is an atrocity committed by Japanese militarism during its war of aggression against China, which is based on irrefutable evidence and conclusions were drawn long ago on this,” she said.

“Japan’s treatment and perception of relevant issues actually show whether Japan can hold an honest, responsible and correct perception of history. History is history, it cannot and should not be allowed to be changed willfully.”

Separately on Tuesday, Japan issued its annual “blue book” on foreign policy, saying: “The starting point of Japan’s coherent path as a peaceful nation is our pledge not to fight a war again and keep peace, based on our deep remorse over the past war.”

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Japan rebuffs outcry over new history textbooks
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Japan rebuffs international outcry over new history textbooks

火曜日, 4月 7th, 2015

Japan on Tuesday rebuffed neighbouring countries’ protests over newly-approved textbooks after complaints about references to disputed territory and their bitter shared history.

The education ministry announced on Monday that all 18 new social studies textbooks for use in junior high schools assert Japanese ownership of two separate island groups at the centre of disputes with China and South Korea.

New school books also swap the word “massacre” when referring to the mass-slaughter of Chinese civilians in Nanjing in 1937, preferring the term “incident”.

The textbook row surfaces regularly in the three-way row over events in the first half of the 20th century, when Japan invaded and occupied large tracts of mainland Asia.

But it has come at a particularly sensitive time, as the region readies to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II and with a rising tide of nationalism in all three countries.

Immediately after Monday’s announcement, the South Korean foreign ministry summoned Japanese Ambassador Koro Bessho to protest over the textbooks.

“The Japanese government carried out another provocation by approving school textbooks that strengthen unfair claims over our territory,” Seoul’s foreign ministry said in a statement.

Tokyo and Seoul are at odds over the sovereignty of a pair of sparsely-inhabited rocks in waters between them, administered by Seoul as Dokdo but claimed as Takeshima in Japan.

“This clearly shows that the Japanese government seeks to inculcate the distorted views on history and territory into the minds of the young generation and tries to repeat the wrongs it committed in the past,” it said.

In Tokyo, Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga flatly rejected those claims.

“Our country’s textbook screening is carried out impartially and neutrally, based on professional and academic deliberations,” Suga told a news conference.

“Since our country’s stance on Takeshima and history recognition have been consistent, we responded to (South Korea) by saying we cannot accept their protest,” Japan’s top government spokesman said.

China’s official Xinhua News agency said historical revisionism was laid bare in the textbooks, revised “in line with the country’s increasingly right-leaning politics” under the premiership of Shinzo Abe.

Xinhua noted that some textbooks stated that “captives and civilians were involved in” the Nanjing Massacre. It said this contrasted with earlier textbooks that said the Japanese Army “killed many captives and civilians”.

A Japanese education ministry official confirmed that one of the new history textbooks did not refer to the mass killing in Nanjing, while “many others have described it as an incident, not a massacre”.

China says 300,000 civilians and soldiers died in a spree of killing, rape and destruction in the six weeks after the Japanese military entered the then-capital on December 13, 1937.

While some foreign academics put the number of deaths lower, no mainstream respected historians dispute there was a massacre.

Separately, on Tuesday, Japan issued its annual “blue book” on foreign policies, saying: “The starting point of Japan’s coherent path as a peaceful nation is our pledge not to fight a war again and keep peace based on our deep remorse over the past war.”

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Japanese textbooks to state rights over territories

火曜日, 4月 7th, 2015

Publication Date : 07-04-2015

 


Japan’s education ministry on Monday announced the results of its latest textbook screenings and the content of new textbooks to be used in middle schools from the next academic year.



All social studies textbooks for middle school students will include descriptions of the Takeshima islets and the Senkaku Islands as “territories inherently belonging to Japan”, among other similar phrases, according to the Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Ministry.



This will be the first time that all social studies textbooks for middle schools will refer to both these islands and the northern territories off Hokkaido.



Publishers submitted for screening 104 textbooks on nine subjects, including Japanese and social studies. A total of 102 passed the ministry’s checks after publishers made alterations.



Although two social studies textbooks were initially rejected, as they contained certain problems, they also eventually passed the screenings after corrections were made and new applications were submitted.



In addition to the northern territories, passages referring to the Takeshima islets in Shimane Prefecture and the Senkaku Islands in Okinawa Prefecture were included in all 20 social textbooks for the first time.



In January last year, the ministry revised an instruction manual for curriculum guidelines, which serve as the criteria for editing social studies textbooks.



The manual stipulates the need to teach students that the Takeshima islets and the Senkaku Islands are “territories inherently belonging to Japan” and the history of how they became Japanese territories.



In addition to the revision of the manual, growing public interest in the nation’s territories is also seen as contributing to the recent tendency to add passages about the territories to textbooks. Previously, few history textbooks for middle schools mentioned the Takeshima islets and the Senkaku Islands.



Regarding postwar compensation, more social studies textbooks have adopted the government’s stance with a passage saying, “Compensation issues between countries have already been settled.”



This was in response to the standard that the ministry added to the textbook screening criteria in January last year.



Under the new standard, when there is no clear consensus on matters of modern and contemporary history, textbooks should indicate that by referring to the government’s stance, or using relevant descriptions based on rulings by the Supreme Court.



None of the textbooks currently in use at middle schools refer to so-called comfort women. This time, one publisher that newly applied for screening passed the ministry’s examination by inserting the government’s position.



Textbook screenings



The education ministry examines the content of textbooks based on curriculum guidelines before their publication. Each education board selects textbooks for public primary and middle schools, while the principals of private and national schools choose their textbooks by the end of August.

 

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Japanese textbooks to state rights over territories
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LAWRENCE: Professor presents Holocaust history of Japanese diplomat's role in saving Jews during World War II

火曜日, 4月 7th, 2015

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LAWRENCE: Professor presents Holocaust history of Japanese diplomat's role in saving Jews during World War II

月曜日, 4月 6th, 2015

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LAWRENCE: Professor presents Holocaust history of Japanese diplomat's role in saving Jews during World War II

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LAWRENCE: Professor presents Holocaust history of Japanese diplomat's role in saving Jews during World War II

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LAWRENCE: Professor presents Holocaust history of Japanese diplomat's role in saving Jews during World War II
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